Filters

Markus lets you write and use filters to modify generated metrics.

New in version 2.0.0.

Using filters

Filters can be configured to run on a markus.main.MetricsInterface instance that you build with get_metrics().

For example, say you had a Python module and all metrics published from code in that module should get the additional tag source:foomodule. Then you could do something like this:

import markus
from markus.filters import AddTagFilter

metrics = markus.get_metrics(__name__, filters=[AddTagFilter("source:cache")])

class CacheInterface:
    def get(self, key, default=None):
        with metrics.timing("cache.get"):
            # do stuff

The cache.get metric will have source:cache as a tag.

You can also specify filters on backends when configuring markus. For example, say you want to add a hostid:HOSTID tag to all metrics being published to the Datadog backend. You could do this:

import os

import markus
from markus.filters import AddTagFilter

HOSTID = os.environ.get("HOSTID", "none")

markus.configure(
    backends=[
        {
            "class": "markus.backends.datadog.DatadogMetrics",
            "options": {
                "statsd_host": "example.com",
                "statsd_port": 8125,
                "statsd_namespace": ""
            },
            "filters": [AddTagFilter("host:%s" % HOSTID)]
        }
    ]
)

All metrics generated will have the hostid tag.

Filters can be used to drop metrics, too. Say you want metrics with debug:true spit out to the logging backend, but not the Datadog backend. You could do this:

import os

import markus
from markus.main import MetricsFilter

class DropDebugFilter(MetricsFilter):
    def filter(self, record):
        if "debug:true" in record.tags:
            return
        return record

markus.configure(
    backends=[
        {
            "class": "markus.backends.datadog.DatadogMetrics",
            "options": {
                "statsd_host": "example.com",
                "statsd_port": 8125,
                "statsd_namespace": ""
            },
            "filters": [DropDebugFilter()]
        },
        {
            # Log metrics to the logs
            'class': 'markus.backends.logging.LoggingMetrics',
        },
    ]
)

Metrics generated with debug:true will show up in the logs, but not get sent to the Datadog backend.

Writing filters

Filters subclass the markus.main.MetricsFilter class.

All filters need to implement the .filter() method. The filter method takes markus.main.MetricsRecord instance and either:

  1. returns the record,

  2. changes the record in place and returns the record,

  3. returns None signifying the record should be dropped

This filter adds a host id tag to all outgoing metrics:

import os

from markus.main import MetricsFilter

class HostFilter(MetricsFilter):
    def __init__(self):
        self.hostid_tag = "hostid:%s" % os.environ.get("HOSTID")

    def filter(self, record):
        record.tags.append(self.hostid_tag)
        return record

Filters can also drop metrics. This one drops any metric that has a “debug:true” tag:

from markus.main import

class DebugFilter(MetricsFilter):
    def filter(self, record):
        if "debug:true" in record.tags:
            return
        return record
class markus.main.MetricsFilter

Filter class for augmenting metrics.

Subclass MetricsFilter to build filters that augment metrics as they’re published.

Included filters

Markus includes one filter for the common case of adding tags to all metrics generated by a metrics interface.

class markus.filters.AddTagFilter(tag)

Metrics filter that adds tags.

Contrived example that adds the host for all metrics generated in this module:

import markus
from markus.main import AddTagFilter

from someplace import get_host

metrics = markus.get_metrics(
    __name__,
    filters=[AddTag("host:" + get_host())]
)